American Presidents

Read a letter from President Monroe

Portrait Gallery

Did You Know?

He agreed to purchase Florida from Spain in 1819.
He issued the Monroe Doctrine, a policy concerned with both Latin America and the Northwest Territories.
His presidency was known as "The Era of Good Feelings," despite a serious recession in 1819.
In the election of 1820, he received all but one vote from the electoral college.


Key Events in the Administration

James Monroe
(April 28, 1758 - July 4, 1831)

Life Facts

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First Lady: Elizabeth Monroe, Wife
Wife's Maiden Name: Elizabeth Kortright
Number of Children: 3
Education Level: College
School Attended: College of William and Mary
Religion: Episcopalian
Profession: Military, Lawyer
Military Service: Lieutenant Colonel

Public Service:
Dates of Presidency: 3/4/1817 - 3/3/1825
Presidency Number: 5
Number of Terms: 2
Why Presidency Ended: End of 2nd term
Party: Democratic-Republican
His Vice President(s): Daniel D. Tompkins
Cabinet Service: Secretary of State (James Madison, 1811-1817), Secretary of War (James Madison, 1814-1815)
Senator: Virginia (1790-1794)
Governor of a State: Virginia (1799-1802), Virginia (1811-1811)
Colonial Government: Virginia Assembly (1782-1783), Continental Congress (1783-1786)
Other Offices: Minister to France; Special Envoy to Paris; Minister to Great Britain
Methodology and Resources

Presidential Places

Birthplace: The James Monroe Birth Place
Gravesite: Hollywood Cemetery
Museum: James Monroe Museum

Reference Material

Inaugural Address
Related Links
C-SPAN in the Classroom
Papers: Library of Congress - Washington, DC, 202-707-5387
Watch American Presidents Programs from
C-SPAN's Archives

Programming includes:

James Monroe Life Portrait: From James Monroe Museum - Fredericksburg, VA
 Guests included: Dan Preston, project director, James Monroe Papers; John Pearce, director, James Monroe Museum; and David Voelkel, assistant director and curator, James Monroe Museum Watch | Order Videotape
Online chat with John Pearce, Director, James Monroe Museum Read the Transcript
Monroe biographical vignette Watch
Jim Wooten on Monroe's home, Ash Lawn-Highland Watch

Gerard Gawalt on Monroe's papers Watch

  Richard Norton Smith on Monroe and John Quincy Adams Watch

  Richard Hunt on the Monroe Doctrine Watch   

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