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Shaping the Nation and the Presidency
1991 Persian Gulf

1803
The Louisiana Purchase

1838-1839
The Trail of Tears

1850
The Fugitive Slave Law

1863
Gettysburg Address &
Emancipation Proclamation

1933
18th Amendment Repealed

1960
First Televised Presidential
Debate

1964
Civil Rights Act

1991
Persian Gulf

Make the connection between President George W. Bush and the Persian Gulf War.

George W. Bush
from American Presidents

Watch Clip

George Bush saw the military engagement in the Persian Gulf as a war of morals and ideology. Bush set Operation Desert Storm into motion in response to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait. Looking back, the former president believes the U.S. action in the Persian Gulf showed that brutality and unjust invasion were not permissible under the Bush administration.

Howard Zinn
from Booknotes

Watch Clip

Author Howard Zinn describes how he would have handled the crisis in the Persian Gulf in order to avoid war with Iraq. He criticizes the "non-negotiable" ultimatum stance the Bush administration took in its dealings with Saddam Hussein. Zinn suggests a diplomatic solution would have minimized the number of casualties suffered during the conflict in 1991.

BOOKNOTES, March 12, 2000 Howard Zinn, A People's History of the United States 1492-present


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