from American Presidents
|Andrew Jackson supported a policy of Indian removal. Among his reasons: Native Americans were a threat to the national security and at the same time it was the federal government's responsibility to "save them" from extermination. In 1830, during Jackson's first administration, Congress passed the Indian Removal bill. It was the government's stated intention that it be carried out in a humane way, but in 1938-39 the Cherokee were forced to migrate eight hundred miles from Georgia to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma) in severe winter weather. Four thousand people died along what is now known as The Trail of Tears.